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emergency contraception (EC)

What is emergency contraception (EC)?

Emergency contraception (EC) reduces the chance of pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse. Common situations in which EC could be used includes , forgetting to take birth control pills in a row, having a condom break , or not using a birth control method during sex. It can also be used after a woman has been raped.

How does EC work?

EC does not cause an abortion. An abortion ends an existing pregnancy but EC prevents pregnancy from occurring. EC must be used soon after unprotected sexual intercourse to be effective. EC does not work if pregnancy has already occurred.

What are the different types of Emergency Contraception?

There are two main types of EC the copper intrauterine device (IUD) and Emergency Contraceptive pills. There are three types of EC pills: ulipristal, progestin-only pills and combined EC pills. Some EC pills can be bought over the counter without a prescription.

What is the most effective form of EC?

The copper IUD has been the most effective form of EC. When taken as directed, the ulipristal is the most effective type of EC pill, followed by progestin-only pill. Combined EC pills are not as effective in preventing pregnancy as the other EC pills.